Identifying and Preventing Risk Factors of Leg Wounds

broken leg

If you have a leg wound that takes weeks or months to heal, it could be a sign of a vascular condition. Leg wounds increase the risks of complications such as bone and skin infections. Do not wait for long the next time you have a sore on your leg; book an appointment with an Evergreen Park nurse practitioner at Vascular Specialists for comprehensive care. Treating leg wounds requires more than just the procedure; you need the right diet and personalized care to heal. Below are the common risk factors of leg wounds:

Smoking Cigarettes

Cigarette smokers are at a higher risk of developing wounds that take too long to heal. Tobacco has a negative impact on our bodies that constrict blood vessels and prevent proper blood flow. Smoking also poses a risk of other health problems such as high blood pressure and lung cancer. Patients who are already smoking can seek medical assistance to quit tobacco.

Existing Medical Conditions

People with diabetes or arthritis find themselves often having wounds that are stubborn to heal. If you have these conditions, you should speak to a medical specialist to get advice on wound care. Such people should also have protective gear to prevent leg injuries.


Specific medications, like cardiovascular drugs, could contribute to the build up of fluids in the lower legs, causing swelling. Legs with edema take long to heal after an injury. If you suspect current medications are causing your legs to swell, you should speak to your doctor for a change of drugs.


Circulation efficiency decreases gradually with age. For older adults, blood cannot move sufficiently from the lower legs back to the heart. As a result, it accumulates, increasing the risks of developing a leg ulcer.

Pressure Sores

Constant pressure and friction to the skin could cause pressure sores. In turn, the sores could develop into leg ulcers. Therefore, it is essential to wear fitting shoes and avoid being on bed rest for a very long time.

Varicose Veins

Varicose veins are protruding veins on the legs caused by the accumulation of blood in the lower legs. Usually accumulation occurs because the valves have stopped working or are weak and therefore cannot prevent the backflow of blood to the legs. People living with varicose veins should speak to the doctor to determine and treat the source of the problem.


Being overweight could also increase the chances of developing leg ulcers. The excess weight exerts pressure on the lower body and makes circulation less efficient. As a result, such people may develop wounds that take months to heal.


Individuals can naturally be born with problems affecting their skin or circulation. As a result, they will always be at a higher risk of developing leg ulcers. Such people should consult an expert for ways to manage the risks.

Wound healing demands more than just medical treatment. You require a nurse practitioner who will work with you concerning the right diet and supplements as well as monitor your condition throughout the healing process. Book an appointment today with Vascular Specialists to start your care plan.

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