Understanding the Treatment of Hyperpigmentation
Hyperpigmentation refers to the darker patches in our skin as a result of excess melanin. It may also be caused by sun damage or acne scars. These patches vary from small patches to larger ones that cover the entire body. Although they are not harmful, most people seek treatment to improve their appearance and boost confidence in the public. Experts at Absolute Dermatology & Skin Cancer Center treat hyperpigmentation in Glen Allen to give their patients a radiant complexion and even skin tone. Book an appointment online for consultation and treatment. Here is what you should know about this condition:
Types of hyperpigmentation
There are many types of hyperpigmentation, each having a different cause. The three main ones are:
- Melasma: This type of hyperpigmentation is caused by hormonal changes, especially during pregnancy. Patients mainly report darker spots around the stomach or face, but they can appear in other body parts as well.
- Sunspots: Sunspots are commonly known as solar lentigines or liver spots. They develop after spending too much time exposed to direct sunlight. They are common around the face, hands, and other areas that are exposed to the sun.
- Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation: These spots develop from inflammation or injury to the skin. They are mostly caused by acne.
Treatment of hyperpigmentation
You can buy products at home, and there are clinical procedures performed by a qualified doctor. Options include:
- Lightening creams: These are over-the-counter treatment options that assist in minimizing pigmentation. You apply them once or twice to lighten dark spots. The common ones include hydroquinone and licorice extract. These creams work best for age spots and melasma issues. However, you may take some time to see results than if you used professional treatment.
- Face acids: Acids eliminate dark spots by shedding or exfoliating the top layer that is affected by dark spots. New skin grows to replace old skin, giving you an even skin tone and smooth feel. You should try these if you have a fairer skin tone and your hyperpigmentation is average.
- Chemical peel: A chemical peel works like face acids by removing the epidermis. Some versions will reach the middle layer to produce more significant results. The most effective treatment is an in-office procedure by a qualified dermatologist rather than over-the-counter peels. You get results quicker with this treatment option. However, you have to keep away from the sun for some time to prevent complications.
- Laser skin resurfacing: Doctors use lasers to target the affected area and reduce hyperpigmentation. You can have an ablative or a non-ablative type to peel your skin. Non-ablative treatment facilitates the growth of collagen, which promotes smooth and rejuvenated skin. An ablative option is more effective, but it also has a risk of unpleasant side effects. Your doctor will advise you on the best option for your condition.
If you have an uneven skin tone, do not struggle with an uncomfortable appearance in silence, consult Absolute Dermatology & Skin Cancer Center to determine what will best work for you. They perform all types of procedures, including professional chemical peels to improve your appearance. Book an online appointment today.