Treatment Options for Managing Different Types of Diabetes
Diabetes is a significant public health concern affecting more than 400 million individuals. If you have diabetes, you may experience symptoms like body fatigue and blurred vision. Lack of treatment may result in severe complications such as nerve damage and hearing impairment. However, your health specialist at Prabhdeep Singh, MD, offers advanced treatment to manage El Centro diabetes and reduce your diabetic symptoms.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disease that affects glucose utilization in your body and causes high blood sugar. There are different types of diabetes, including:
- Type 1 diabetes. Your immune system destroys cells producing insulin in your pancreas, causing a build-up of sugar in your blood.
- Type 2 diabetes. The cells in your pancreas do not produce enough insulin and result in increased sugar levels in your bloodstream.
- Gestational diabetes. During pregnancy, your placenta produces hormones that make your cells resistant to insulin, causing high blood sugar.
- Prediabetes. It is caused when your blood sugar is higher than usual and could lead to Type 2 diabetes.
Overall symptoms for diabetes
Each type of diabetes exhibits unusual symptoms. However, there are general indications that include:
- Chronic wounds
- Weight loss
- Frequent urination
- Body weakness
- Blurred vision
- Increased hunger and thirst
What causes diabetes?
Certain factors may put you at a higher risk of developing diabetes. For example:
- Obesity. Many fatty tissues in your body may make cells resistant to insulin.
- Family history. You are likely to get diabetes if your parent has this condition.
- Ethnicity. Hispanics, American Indians, Asian Americans, and Blacks are more susceptible to developing diabetes.
- Physical inactivity may cause the build-up of glucose in your blood.
- Age. As you get older, you become less active and may gain weight, causing diabetes.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome in women characterized by irregular periods and obesity may increase your chances of having diabetes.
- High blood pressure above 140/90mm Hg may cause you to develop type 2 diabetes.
- Abnormal lipid level. Low cholesterol levels and high amounts of triglyceride may result in high blood levels in your body.
Diagnosis and treatment for diabetes
At Prabhdeep Singh, MD, your specialist will perform several diagnostic tests. Some of the tests include:
- Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test used to measure sugar level in your blood for the past two to three months.
- Oral glucose tolerance test. Your doctor will require you to fast overnight and drink a liquid containing sugar for your glucose levels to be tested after every two hours.
- Random blood sugar test. Here your doctor will randomly check for glucose levels in your blood.
Based on your diagnosis and type of diabetes, your doctor will recommend medications to monitor insulin and sugar levels in your blood. Treatment may include:
- Insulin injections if you have type 1 diabetes
- Glucagon-like peptides that control the production of insulin in your body
- Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors. This medicine slows the breakdown of sugar and starch
- Sulfonylureas. It increases the production of more insulin in your pancreas
- Dietary changes. Your doctor may suggest that you consume a little starchy and sugary foods to prevent a rapid increase of sugar in your blood.
Diabetes is a chronic illness that can be managed. Plan an appointment with your doctor for diabetes treatment to improve your general welfare.