Top 6 Vascular Diseases


Vascular disease refers to conditions that affect the circulatory system, harming blood flow. They are caused by blood clots, inflammations, genetics, obesity, smoking, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and diabetes. By visiting Yonkers vascular center in New York, you will know the type of root cause, get diagnosed, and receive quality treatment.

Below are the six central vascular diseases:

Arterial disease

They are classified into two categories: Peripheral and Carotid arterial disease. Peripheral arterial disease is the build-up of fat and cholesterol deposit in the artery walls causing them to narrow. It blocks blood from flowing sufficiently to the rest of the body. The peripheral conditions are as follows:

  • Peripheral artery disease- the blood vessels carrying blood to the legs become blocked, causing swelling and fatigue. If there is total blood flow blockage, one can lose the affected limb.
  • Intestinal ischemic syndrome- blood vessels carrying blood to the gastrointestinal system are blocked.
  • Stenosis- occurs when renal blood vessels are blocked, causing hypertension, congestive heart failure, and dysfunctional kidney.
  • Berger’s- it affects the small and medium-sized arteries, nerves, and veins. It is caused by exposure and the use of tobacco.

Carotid artery diseases are caused by atherosclerosis. It causes fatigue, angina, nausea, joint pain, and sweating. These conditions are as follows;

  • Carotid tremors are growths in the nervous tissue near the carotid artery.
  • Carotid artery dissection occurs when the artery tears causing blood to leak.
  • Carotid artery disease blocks the brain artery, causing a stroke.

Venous disease

It occurs when valves inside the veins become damaged, affecting the direction of blood flow. This condition includes varicose vein, chronic venous insufficiency, thoracic outlet syndrome, and spider veins. They are associated with the following symptoms;

  • Bulging, purple, ropy, swollen veins
  • Small red bursts on the knees, calves, and thighs
  • Deep vein thrombosis
  • Impaired mobility
  • Fatigue

Blood clots

It occurs when blood coagulates, dislodges, and travels in the blood vessels causing deep vein thrombosis, heart failure, pulmonary embolism, and stroke. The conditions associated with blood clots are hypercoagulable states, deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, and axillary-subclavian vein thrombosis. They cause difficulties in walking, stroke, heart attack, and limb loss.

Aortic aneurysm

These include abdominal aortic and thoracic aortic aneurysms. It occurs when blood vessels bulge abnormally, preventing normal blood flow. These cause elevated blood clotting factors, deficiency of anticoagulants, elevated blood count, and abnormal fibrinolysis.


It is the abnormal build-up of fluids in the lymphatic system, causing swelling of the legs.

Fibromuscular dysplasia

It is a rare condition that creates abnormal cellular growth in the medium and large arteries. The growth causes the arteries to become beaded and narrow.

These vascular diseases occur due to various reasons and risk factors. The following are the causes of vascular diseases;

  • Obesity
  • High cholesterol
  • Genetics
  • High blood pressure
  • Saturated fat diet
  • Tobacco use
  • Physical inactivity
  • Inflammation
  • Blood clots

Talk to vascular disease physician today

Vascular disease can be life-threatening if not early diagnosed and well treated.  Losing weight, avoiding smoking, keeping away from a saturated fat diet, avoiding stress, knowing family history, and regular exercising can help prevent the development of vascular disease. But without proper diagnosis, death often occurs. At Premier Vascular, physicians specializing in this type of disease will diagnose and give proper treatment.

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