Surgical Options for Meningioma and Pituitary Adenomas
Tumors of the skull base area can be exceptionally difficult to treat or remove due to the complexity of this part of the human anatomy. Numerous critical nerve structures are located in this area and must be successfully navigated in order to prevent damage and reduced function for the patient after surgery. Minimally invasive surgical techniques are preferred over more traditional methods due to the reduced recovery time experienced by patients and the decreased likelihood of other complications; however, these surgical procedures should be performed only by a surgeon who specializes in this highly advanced field of medical study.
Characterized by tumorous growths in the meninges, the membrane that surrounds the brain and spinal cord, meningioma can be life-threatening if left untreated. The tumors associated with meningioma can press on critical areas of the brain and vital nerves, causing symptoms including headaches, dizziness, hearing loss, visual disturbances and other problems that often prompt a visit to the patient’s physician. Surgical options for meningioma include endoscopic procedures that cause minimal damage to surrounding tissues and can reduce healing time and improve long-term recovery prospects. Patients of Dr. Hrayr Shahinian at the Skull Base Institute, for example, can typically go home within 48 hours after surgery; 90% of his patients spend two days or less in the hospital after undergoing one of these procedures.
Another serious condition that can be treated surgically is the presence of pituitary adenomas. These tumors are typically benign, but can cause the pituitary gland to malfunction and release excess hormones into the system. This, in turn, can cause a variety of hormonal disorders including acromegaly and Cushing’s disease. These conditions typically cause serious health effects in patients and require immediate treatment to arrest and reverse the course of the illnesses; surgical treatments often produce good results in these cases. Transsphenoidal pituitary surgery is a recommended endoscopic treatment since it leaves minimal scarring and allows a direct approach to the tumors without causing unnecessary tissue damage. Because this surgical procedure is approached through the inside of the mouth or through the nasal cavity, many patients require no reconstructive work after the surgery is complete.
Today, thanks to the cutting-edge surgical options available to patients suffering from tumors and other disorders of the cranial base, there is hope. Patients from all around the world have benefited from the advanced techniques that are now an option, allowing them to enjoy the benefits of good health and faster recovery times while controlling their illnesses effectively.