Sinus surgery is often used to treat sinusitis. Sinusitis is, simply put, the inflammation of the sinuses. Itcan be caused, however, by virtually anything that interrupts the drainage of mucous and the flow of air out of the sinuses. The most common reason for sinusitis are ordinary tissue irritants, such as from nasal spray or cigarettes, and from minor health conditions like colds or allergies.
Symptoms which could indicate sinusitis are fever, headache, cough, sore throat, facial tenderness or pain, discolored nasal drainage, and nasal stiffness. There are essentially two types of sinusitis: acute sinusitis and chronic sinusitis. While acute sinusitis is easier to treat—generally with some antibiotics, chronic sinusitis requires more serious treatment and sometimes sinus surgery.
There are other reasons aside from sinusitis, however, that may cause one to need sinus surgery. Sinus surgery is designed to promote natural drainage from the sinuses. It helps the patient to suffer from fewer or no infections and of course to breathe more easily. The procedure involves removing sinus tissue that is obstructive or diseased and re-routing existing sinus pathways. Before choosing sinus surgery it is generally advised that you exhaust other forms of medical treatment.
There are different types of sinus surgery depending on the particular sinus issues. Sometimes ethmoid sinuses lead to sinusitis, in which case the most likely surgery would be an ethmoidectomy. If the infection is in your maxillary sinuses—often indicated by pressure and/or pain behind cheek bones and under eyes—then a maxillary antrostomy is suggested. You will likely need a powered septoplasty withturbinoplasty if the problem is caused by enlarged turbinates and a deviated septum resulting in blockage. If the issue is chronic sinus infections your doctor may choose to use a device called ahydrodebrider when the procedure is over.
All sinus surgery procedures are considered to be minimally invasive. You will probably go in for the surgery and walk out that very same day. Sinus surgery was a lot more serious a few decades ago, but recent breakthroughs in medical technology have helped to make the procedure safer and easier. There are still, of course, risks that come along, such as failure to resolve the infection, pain, recurrence of the initial sinus problem, chronic nasal drainage, bleeding, the loss/reduction of smell and taste, the need for additional surgery, or damage to the skull or eyes.
You should not take certain medications for the first week or two prior to surgery, such as aspirin or Advil. It is typically mandated that you shouldn’t eat or drink for around 8 hours prior to the surgery. Smokers should also try to stop smoking or, at the very least, reduce the amount of cigarettes smoked around the time of the procedure. You should not have a fever prior to the surgery.
Don’t forget to bring all of the necessary paperwork with you to the hospital. It is advised that you also have someone to stay with you, as you might need to stay overnight, and you will also likely need a ride back to your home.