Headaches – Causes And Home Remedies
Headache involves pain in the head, permanent or occasional, rare or common, diffuse, which affects the whole head or just a part of the head. Headache is one of the most common symptoms encountered in everyday life. It is often an accompanying symptom of many diseases. How many times have you said “I have a headache” and continued to work and live as if nothing happens. Most people accept the occasional headache as an integral part of life. At the same time, the headache is a problem that doctors often meet. There are patients who suffer from chronic headaches or acute, severe headache. Such a headache can be a threatening symptom and a sign of a serious and severe disease. Fortunately, most headaches represent just mild disorders that can be relatively easily eliminated.
It is believed that 15-20% of the whole population suffer permanently, or more than occasional headaches. Headaches are more frequent in the age between 25 and 65. The frequency of headaches depends also on gender (women more often suffer from headaches), the environment in which people live (urban areas) and the occupation of a person (headaches are more common in people whose occupation requires mental effort and concentration).
The origin of pain in the head:
Headaches can occur only in those tissues or structures of the head with sensory endings that are sensitive to pain, such as:
* Skin, subcutaneous tissue, muscles, aponeurosis
* Periosteum of bone, eye, teeth, mucous membranes of the nose and mouth
* The great arteries
* Large veins and venous sinuses
* Parts claim meningitis, sinus
* Sensory cerebral nerves and roots and associated ganglia
Other structures, like bone, soft meningitis, motor nerves and most of the brain tissue can not respond to the occurrence of pain.
Headache occurs only in certain circumstances, where there is a change of position or status in the painfully sensitive structures. Pain stops when the change of position or status terminated spontaneously or under treatment.
Classification of Headaches
* Pulsing pain (painful sensation synchronous with the pulse). The origin -the artery pain. Pain is moderate to high intensity
* Immediately, neuralgic pain – a painful sensation is very strong, lasting more seconds and then stops completely, it would be after some time, reappeared. The origin of the pain is in the sensory nerve
* Pressing pain – moderate intensity, poorly localized, almost never stops, although it varies in intensity. The origin – muscle, mucous membrane, membrane
* Severe, burning pain, very uncomfortable. The origin – sympathetic nerves or parasympathetic and appropriate structures
Headaches with regard to the duration may be:
* Durable – with the fluctuations in intensity,
* Periodic – with more or less regular occurrence of attacks
* Progressive – over time the intensity of headaches increase
* Occasionally – pain attacks occur periodically, so that after a period of attacks came a long quiet period
Side effects can be very different symptoms and signs that may or may not be typical for a particular form of headache.
Factors that cause pain or irritation to the nerve structures sensitive to pain may be:
* Mechanical (pressure, stretching)
* Physical (temperature change, electric) and most
* Chemical (exogenous or endogenous)
Causes of headaches
People who are particularly sensitive to changes in weather fronts, the changes in air pressure suffer frequently from headaches. Headaches occur before the weather changes, the coming of cyclones and anticyclones, especially while the pressure air is low.
Often, headaches can occur due to a specific diet or certain habits. This is especially common in migraine, which often describes the connection between occurrence of migraine attacks with a certain food or drink. Migraine (benign, repetitive, pulsing pain half the head) is the longest known and most common headache, which occurs periodically and 8-20% of the population suffer from it. As important factors in the onset of migraine cited by diet, stress, fatigue, lifestyle, hormones, weather conditions.
Drinking alcohol, especially excessive, can cause headaches. Moreover, headaches can often be caused by smoking, because nicotine in tobacco smoke causes spasm (contraction) in the blood vessels that supply the brain.
Headaches can be an accompanying symptom of disorder in the organs that are located in the head, such as headaches caused by visual disturbances such as disorders of refraction, when the patient because of the farsightedness, myopia or amblyopia need glasses but not wearing them. The contact lenses also can cause headaches, and certain inflammatory and degenerative eye diseases and elevated intraocular pressure, when you should definitely consult a specialist doctor for eye diseases. These headaches usually occur at the front, in the forehead or eyes, but sometimes they may occur in the depth of the head. May be associated with prolonged reading or exposure to stronger light stimuli, but do not have to.
Various changes and diseases of the ear, nose and throat, such as sinusitis can cause headaches, as well as inflammation of the nasal mucosa, as well as a variety of mobility problems caused by deformities of the nose. Pain can be transmitted from the ear, acute or chronic ear infections, and treatment in these cases should be led by a specialist doctor for ear, nose and throat.
Pain in the facial area can sometimes be caused by problems with the gums and teeth, such as sore teeth, sore gums, various problems with chewing and biting, and this is certainly the subject of the dentist.
Disturbances of cerebral circulation also often cause headache, often associated with degenerative changes in the cervical spine. Headaches can be the first sign of illness, such as stroke or ruptured aneurysms but then the headache occurs suddenly and it is always accompanied by other neurological symptoms.
Headaches can be often caused by changes in blood pressure.
Post-traumatic headaches are those which are associated with a previous head injury.
Headaches of tension type, formerly called the neurotic headaches are the result of stress and life-style and consequently leads to muscle tension and pain.
Sometimes the cause of headaches can be metabolic disorders, or headaches may occur due to intake of some substances, drugs or the cessation of their use.
Brain tumors, either benign or malignant, can cause headaches.
From this short review we can see that there are so many different influences that can cause a headache. Fortunately, more than 90% of headaches are not caused by organic disorders. More common reasons for a headache are psychosomatic disorders caused by, for example, lack of sleep, occupational difficulties, fear of failure and the many conflicts within the family or the workplace.
Depending on the cause and type of headache treatment is different. Most of the headache is transient and spontaneously, sometimes without any specific therapy.
Primarily it is necessary to determine the cause of headache and remedy it. Usually does the various pain medications, lifestyle changes, psychotherapy, or CNS, physical therapy, or some home remedies.
For example, cut potatoes in half and rub it on the area around temples and forehead. When the potatoes dry, headache should stop.
A wrap with cabbage can effectively eliminate a headache in many cases. For this type of treatment mash cabbage leaves (to let a little liquid), lean against the forehead and keep as a compress. This type of coating is rich in potassium ions and thus has the power to normalize vascular tone.
If this does not help, mash garlic, then the resulting mixture put on a tissue and hold on the forehead and temples. Usually it takes about 15 minutes to remove the headache.
Prepare rosemary or black tea and drink while warm.
Squeeze one lemon into a cup of coffee.
Believe it or not, sometimes even ordinary water can eliminate this type of pain. In fact, people who drink very little liquid are dehydrated and then they feel a headache.
Massage can also help to eliminate headaches. Massage gently the nasal bone, the area between the eyes, and area around temples. Also massage your shoulders and neck and. It will improve circulation and make you feel better.