5 Types of Blood-Based Cancer that are Fully Treatable
Most of commonly reported cancer cases aren’t reliably curable as at now, especially when they are discovered at an advanced stage. It warms the heart, however, when the few with the highest survival rates are wholly defeated. Melanoma, Hodgkin lymphoma, testicular as well as breast and prostate cancer are some of them.
Leukemia, Lymphoma, and Myeloma form a particular group of blood-based cancer that severely hampers the routine manufacture of blood cells besides reducing its immunity. Though their real causes aren’t known yet, the fact that all of them can be erased altogether, never to recur again after remission, is excellent. In fact, as explained by the National Foundation for Cancer Research, some are curable, especially when it’s discovered early enough.
Let’s look at the five major blood-based cancer types in detail.
You probably know it as just Blood Cancer because it’s the most common type of blood cancer today. Its cause hasn’t been figured out yet, although the highest risk factors are exposure to radiation or such chemicals as Benzene as well as if it’s in the family lineage. It usually originates in the bone marrow, and when diagnosed as Acute myeloid leukemia, bone marrow transplantation and chemotherapy can successfully help eliminate it.
This is another blood cancer type that mainly attacks the lymph system; more specifically the white blood cells or lymphocytes. Though it can either be Hodgkin’s lymphoma or Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, both basically originate from lymphocytes, with the name differences based from where they arise.
One sad thing with Lymphoma is the fact that people with a weak immune system or those diagnosed with Epstein-Barr virus, H. pylori, and HIV Virus are predisposed to it. It’s fortunate, however, that if discovered early and subsequently exposed to radiation treatment, this type of blood cancer will respond to treatment.
Also known as the cancer of the plasma cells, Myeloma also attacks the bone marrow and tries to prevent it from producing antibodies. It’s been noted that this illness is more prevalent in men, African-Americans and those above 50 years of age.
If discovered early, multiple myeloma treatments can help combat and eliminate cancerous cells. The primary treatment methods include radiation therapy, targeted therapy, chemotherapy, Corticosteroids, and bone marrow transplant.
- Myelodysplastic Syndrome
It’s a cluster of cancerous cells formed out of blood cells that failed to adequately mature in the bone marrow. Myelodysplastic syndromes vary, although they are usually noticed after identifying particular changes in the blood and the bone marrow.
This condition usually leads to different types of anemia from whom they are diagnosed, although it’s usually a complex and time-consuming procedure. However, treatment choice for a Myelodysplastic syndrome patient varies, although they include supportive care, drug therapy and chemotherapy with stem cell transplant.
- Myeloproliferative Disorders
Just like Myelodysplastic syndromes, this disorder is pretty rare and affects the bone marrow. It’s a type of cancer that occurs when the bone marrow manufactures more red blood cells than they are required.
This type of cancer was initially called Myeloproliferative Disease, and it was until 2008 when the World Health Organization reclassified it as a type of blood cancer. Today, Myeloproliferative Neoplasms, as it is known, comes in three forms. It can create problems for the body, although, with proper treatment, this condition is 100% curable.